Model test –English-1
Read the passage carefully and answer accordingly (Q. 1-5)
When early humans hunted and gathered food, they were not in control of their environment. They could only interact with their surroundings as lower organisms did. When humans learned to make fire, however, they became capable of altering their environment. To provide themselves with fuel they stripped bark from trees, causing the trees to die. Clearings were burned in forests to increase the growth of grass and to provide a greater grazing area for the wild animals that humans fed upon. This development led to farming and the domestication of animals. Fire also provided the means for cooking plants which had previously been inedible. Only when the process of meeting the basic need for food reached a certain level of sophistication was it possible for humans to follow other pursuits such as the founding of cities.
1. This passage is mainly concerned with —-.
A. the evolution of farming techniques
B. the role of hunting as a source of food
C. how the discovery of fire changed the development of mankind
D. basic food-gathering techniques of early humans
E. how people supplied themselves with food prior to the discovery of how
to make fire
2. One can infer from the passage that the discovery of how to make fire —-.
A. improved the hunting skills of early humans
B. caused early humans to interact with their surroundings as lower organisms did
C. taught early humans how to live with lower organisms
D. increased alimentary options for early humans
E. made easier for early humans to gather food
3. As we understand from the passage, early humans —-.
A. didn’t eat plants before they learned how to control fire
B. used fire as a tool to alter their surroundings
C. gained better control of their environment when they learned to live with lower organisms
D. started to maintain their food supply by hunting and gathering food when they started cooking with fire
E. were the prey of many predators
4. Early human search food by_
A. gathering B. hunting
C. hunting and gathering D. killing
5. Which one is the appropriate title for the passage?
A. Human Developing B. Early human life
C. Sophisticated life D. Simple life
6. ‘গরু ঘাস খেয়ে বাঁচে’-বাক্যটির ইংরেজি অনুবাদ হবে-
A. The cow eat grass. B. Cows eat grass.
C. Cow lives eating grass. D. The cow lives on grass.
7. To “call it a day” means ___.
A. to quit B. it becomes evening
C. to say good morning D. to say good bye
8. “Out of shape” means to be ___.
A. problem B. energetic
C. or do something unusual D. unfit
9. ‘কার দ্বারা এ কাজটি হয়েছে’? The correct translation is-
A. To whom has this work been done?
B. By whom this work been done?
C. By whom has this work been done?
D. To whom this work been done?
10. Which word is ‘noun’?
A. chaotic B. courageous C. brave D. bravery
What are the antonyms or opposite words of these words (11-14):
A. structure B. end C. enlarge D. start
A. limited B. short C. full D. unlimited
A. engender B. cause C. genius D. uproot
A. force B. advice C. assist D. request
15. The intellectual flexibility inherent in a multicultural nation has been ____ in classrooms where emphasis on British-American literature has not reflected the cultural ____ of our country.
A. eradicated – unanimity
B. encouraged – aspirations
C. stifled – diversity
D. thwarted – uniformity
Find out synonyms or similar words (16-20):
A. separation B. aim C. area D. agreement
A. witness B. practical C. practice D. clear
A. pretend B. aimless C. propose D. purpose
A. chaos B. cost C. apprehension D. comprehension
20. What is the noun form of the word ‘slanderous’?
A. slander B. slanders C. slandering D. sole
21. I have fear …….. height.
A. of B. for C. in D. with
22. I’m a bit short——— money.
A. in B. with C. of D. at
23. We stayed at home because Mary wasn’t very keen ——–going out in the rain.
A. to B. with C. for D. on
24. Your writing is similar——— mine.
A. with B. to C. for D. at
25. In keeping with his own ____ in international diplomacy, Churchill proposed a personal meeting of heads of government, but the effort was doomed to failure, as the temper of the times was ____ .
A. ideas – pluralistic B. predilections – inimical
C. aversions – hostile D. impulses – amicable
Ans: 1. c 2. d 3. b 4. c 5. a 6. d 7. a 8. d 9. c 10. d 11. b 12. d 13. d 14. d 15. c 16. d 17. d 18. c 19. c 20. a 21. a 22. c 23. d 24. b 25. b